The term rhinoplasty originates from the Greek words 'rhinos' and 'plassein' meaning 'nose' and 'shape', respectively. So, basically, rhinoplasty means to shape the nose. It is the plastic surgical procedure of choice for those want to improve the look of their nose or normalize the function of their nose. It is often done by a head neck surgeon or an otolaryngologist as cosmetic surgery or reconstructive surgery. This surgical procedure is commonly referred to by people as a nose job or non surgical nose straightening because its main purpose is to achieve the aesthetic goals that people have as well as correcting any traumatic injuries that they have acquired. Also, it often goes hand-in-hand with chin augmentation surgeries.
Today, there are generally two methods of rhinoplasty know to ordinary individuals. The first is the basic one and is invasive, meaning it requires surgery. And the second one is the non-invasive procedure also known as no knife nose job. For the former, it is performed under local or general anesthesia. In terms of surgical approach, there are two approaches that are being used in rhinoplasty. The first one is the closed approach and the second one is the open approach. For the closed rhinoplasty procedure, the incisions will be placed inside of your nostrils. On the other hand, the open rhinoplasty procedure requires an extra incision to be made along the membrane that functions to split the nostrils. This thin skin that divides your nostrils is what you call the columella. In addition, rhinoplasty can also be classified into two types. You have the primary rhinoplasty and the secondary rhinoplasty.
For primary rhinoplasty, this surgery is done for either functional/reconstructive or cosmetic purposes. Meanwhile, for secondary rhinoplasty, this surgery is done if the person is not satisfied with the previous rhinoplasty that he or she has been through. This often happens between 5 and 20% of rhinoplasty cases. Over the years, rhinoplasty has become a more innovative procedure in correcting the nose of a person. For instance, there are the open approach utilization, stabilization of rib cartilage grafts, and more. Indeed, rhinoplasty holds a number of benefits. For example, they help re-establish normal contours of the nose, refurbish airflow through your nasal cavity, and restore your skin surface area.
Rhinoplasty can be done during emergency situations where the patient has gone through trauma. It is the surgery of choice for people who have suffered from nose collapse and septum perforation. Usually, when facial cosmetic surgeries go wrong, a nasal obstruction may take place. This is again the part where rhinoplasty can be very helpful.
For more information on rhinoplasty procedure, read this: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-right-nose-for-the-fa_b_10359320.